But the effects of Watergate lingered on for years after the scandal. Nixon resigned in a nationally televised speech and left Washington on August 9,as Gerald Ford became president. Over the years, the scandal has been replayed in various forms. But here are five significant trends that came out of a story that developed over two years and captivated the nation.
Ehrlichman ; and Attorney General Richard Kleindienst.
Nixon protested his own innocence and promised cooperation with future investigations even while including legalistic language that implied strong limits to that cooperation. The Ervin hearings By the time the Ervin hearings began on May 17, a new tenor for American political life had been set: It would not let up for the next 15 months.
The daily televised hearings were quite possibly comparable in drama, import, and historic depth to the Constitutional Convention ofthe Lincoln-Douglas debates ofand the Paris Peace Conference of — Presided over by four Democrats led by Chairman Ervin—who became a folk hero and to some a folk villain —and three Republicans led by Vice Chairman Howard Baker of Tennessee, the hearings were at first covered gavel-to-gavel on all three commercial television networks—a business sacrifice that spoke to the remarkable civic high-mindedness with which the country approached the Watergate inquiry.
Soon the networks began showing the hearings on a rotating basis. Some Public Broadcasting Service PBS stations, however, continued to broadcast the hearings live daily, other PBS stations reran telecasts of the hearings at night, while still others did both.
Ervin discussing the underlying issues at play in the unfolding of the Watergate scandal. Housewives threatened not to do a stitch of housework for as long as the hearings lasted. College students gathered around TV sets in corridors between, and sometimes during, classes; high schools set up TVs in the cafeteria for all-day civics lessons.
Sticklers, including independent prosecutor Archibald Coxdecried the unfairness of what he characterized as trying the principals in the media. Game-show and soap-opera fans complained about the preemption of their favourite programs.
Most significantly for the later ideological direction of the country, though hardly noticed by elites at the time, large portions of Americans derided the entire business as a political witch hunt and would continue to so view it into the 21st century.
Still, some 35 million or so Americans watched the Ervin hearings at one time or another. What did they see? Methodical portraiture of a White House riddled with unprecedented and extra-constitutional paranoia and corruption from the beginning, painted by a bipartisan panel backed by the awesomely thorough staff work of some of the best young legal minds in Washington among them Hillary Rodham Clintonwho worked for the House Judiciary Committee during the impeachment hearings.
In the spring ofnational security adviser Henry Kissinger had wiretapped his staffers. In the White House set up an illegal money-laundering operation to fund its favoured Senate candidates. Inafter the disillusioned military analyst Daniel Ellsberg leaked the Pentagon Papersthe White House seemed to institutionalize what some have characterized as a culture of illegality.
One young staffer named Tom Charles Huston had earlier recommended a plan, approved and then withdrawn by the president, that called for dramatically expanded illegal domestic spying activities by the CIA, FBI, and other intelligence agencies. Richard Nixon, during the Senate Watergate hearings.
Stock footage courtesy The WPA Film Library It was revealed that, as the campaign season rolled around, roving cells of saboteurs devised ways to weaken individual Democratic presidential campaigns while making it look like the campaigns were actually sabotaging each other.
Another continuing thread was the examination of illegal sources of the money that funded the various clandestine operations.
The operative constitutional question tying the complexity together was framed with special eloquence by Vice Chairman Baker:the watergate scandal, tapes, the whistleblower Deep Throat Opinion polls taken before and after Watergate showed a sharp drop in people's confidence in government.
List two other results of the scandal. Watergate is the biggest political scandal in The United States history. It included various activities to help President Richard Nixon win re- election in Watergate also resulted in Nixon’s resignation from presidency in Timeline of the Watergate Scandal —Regarding the burglary and illegal wiretapping of the Washington, D.C.
headquarters of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate complex by members of President of the United States Richard Nixon's re-election committee and subsequent abuse of powers by the president and administration officials to. The Watergate scandal was a major political scandal that occurred in the United States during the early s, following a break-in by five men at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C.
on June 17, , and President Richard Nixon's administration's subsequent attempt to cover up its involvement. After Watergate, most law schools in the United States required courses about professional responsibility, and the American Bar Association rewrote its .
Effects of Watergate: The Good and the Bad. before politics in the United States is the same again. A collection of moments during and after Barack Obama's presidency.